What Is Rosacea and How To Treat It?

November 18, 2022

Do you notice that you blush easily? Do your cheeks flare up with temperature changes? You might have rosacea. Let's find out all about this uncomfortable skin condition. 


Did you know that rosacea affects around 45 million people worldwide? We say it may be because most people go undiagnosed, partly because people who have it usually don't consult medical professionals. They think it is chronic sun damage, sunburn, or some kind of adult acne.


Rosacea is an inflammatory skin condition of the face characterized by redness, rash, pustules (big pimples), telangiectasias (visible blood vessels on the face), and eye irritation. 


It is a problem that can affect anyone, being more frequent in adults between thirty and fifty years of age and especially in women.


What is rosacea?


Rosacea is a chronic inflammatory disease of the skin, which causes outbreaks. It is important to know how to diagnose it and what stage it is in. It typically manifests itself between the ages of 30 and 50, but it is not a disease that always follows the rules, and it can also be seen in children and the elderly. It can also have a hereditary component, so the patient is usually asked if they have a family history of rosacea. 


Its symptoms affect the central part of the face, specifically the nose and cheeks, although they can also extend to the neck, ears, scalp, and chest. There are different types of rosacea:


  • Erythematous rosacea: this is the most common type. Mild rosacea, characterized by the appearance of permanent redness on the face and chest. Rosacea most commonly affects the nose.


  • Pustular rosacea: characterized by the appearance of acne-like lesions and redness on the cheeks.


  • Phymatous rosacea: causes a thickening of the skin, because the inflammation is prolonged over time.


  • Seborrheic rosacea: together with redness, skin discoloration also appears.


  • Ocular rosacea: this is a type of rosacea on the face that affects the eyes.




Why does rosacea appear on the face?


The causes of rosacea are varied. Hereditary or genetic reasons, as well as internal factors and problems in our organism, influence its appearance. A clear example is stress, which produces a form of nervous rosacea linked to the chemical changes and reactions caused by stress.


External factors also play a decisive role in the appearance of rosacea on the face:


  • Environmental pollution can provoke abrupt reactions in the facial skin due to the toxins it transports and deposits on it.


  • Continuous exposure to the sun's rays.


  • The use of poor quality products and treatments.


  • Certain foods, such as caffeine and spicy foods can also be triggers.


  • Sudden changes in temperature and excessive heat or cold.


 How to treat rosacea?


Depending on the stage of rosacea (erythema, couperose, or acne rosacea), the treatment will be different. We can apply creams to soothe the redness and burning sensation, apply a vascular laser or even administer antibiotics. 


The results will be good, but we must remember that this is a rebellious disease that tends to recur, so the number of sessions or consultations will be high.


Healthy lifestyle habits are essential to prevent its appearance, and outbreaks as well as maintain the results of laser treatments. Thus, a diet that avoids alcohol and spicy and irritating products such as vinegar and too-hot drinks is recommended.


Rosacea treatment is aimed at preventing the triggers and alleviating or controlling the symptoms, as no treatment eliminates it definitively.


  • Clean your face


Maintaining regular cleansing of the affected areas by using specific products is one of the best treatments against rosacea. You can use micellar water or another product to tone and soothe the skin. Remember not to use water that is neither too hot nor too cold, and avoid intense rubbing when drying.


  • Maintaining proper skin hydration


Properly moisturized skin prevents dryness and the appearance of irritation, itching, or burning. Use a specific moisturizer that also helps protect you from external agents and restores or strengthens your natural skin barrier.


  • Use creams that soothe irritation


Do not use cosmetic products that contain alcohol, menthol, camphor, or other ingredients that may cause irritation. Use cosmetics designed to soothe the symptoms of rosacea.


Rosaliac AR Intense by La Roche Posay offers intensive care for many of these symptoms with a formula that skilfully combines its active ingredients. On the one hand, ambophenol helps reduce redness by preventing its reappearance and neurotensin, which helps reduce skin reactivity with its soothing effect. In turn, Thermal Spring Water contributes to soothing and protecting the cutaneous barrier.


Rosaliac CC Cream by La Roche Posay reduces and covers redness by helping to prevent its reappearance or worsening thanks to a combination of ambo-phenol. As well as different purified mineral pigments with UV filter SPF 30 and shea butter, which helps restore the hydrolipidic layer thanks to its properties. It is an easily absorbed cream that helps to correct imperfections almost instantly, but above all, permanently.


  • Protect from the sun and external agents


Using a specific cream that offers broad-spectrum protection against the sun's most harmful rays and other external agents is essential to maintain the health of your skin and preventing the appearance of rosacea. In addition, you should also avoid artificial UV rays.


Rosaliac UV light by La Roche Posay protects the skin against UV rays (SPF 15) thanks to its filtering system with Mexoryl XL. At the same time, vitamin B3 helps to strengthen the dermis against external agents and climatic variations; and vitamin C helps to reduce redness. A 3-in-1 cream that moisturizes, protects, and soothes.


  • A healthy diet


Eating a healthy diet helps prevent flare-ups and improve rosacea treatment. Avoiding alcohol and irritating and spicy products such as vinegar and hot drinks is essential.


  • Avoid sudden temperature changes 


Sudden changes in temperature, either from cold to hot or hot to cold, are one of the reasons for the appearance of rosacea on the face. Avoid it by protecting your face from these changes.




Final Word 


Rosacea is a stubborn skin condition affecting mostly the central part of the face, and it takes a lot of patience to treat it. 


However, by combining the right products, proper hydration, and a balanced diet with extra skincare and cleansing routines, the results will be outstanding and set you free of uncomfortable blemishes and pimple-like formations.